Tapestry after a cartoon by Jean Lurçat (1892- 1966)
France, Aubusson, Tabard workshop
Woven in wool and cotton (warp in cotton, weft in wool)
Signature of artist on the right and label of the workshop on the left.
The iconography of our tapestry is interesting and original:
On a background of starry night, a bird with a halo appears, probably a kingfisher with its long beak and its colourful colours. It flies over the water : at the bottom of the tapestry we can see the presence of fishes, as for the upper part, the fishes are on the surface ready to bite on a double-pointed hook, attached to nothing or nobody ! This element suggests the invisible presence of Man which is reinforced by the representation of the net (which gives its name to the tapestry) in which two birds have already caught their wings. This composition is almost surreal: with an aquatic and a celestial register that almost merge and blend together.
Jean Lurçat was born in 1892 in Bruyère and died in 1966 in Saint Paul de Vence. Jean Lurçat started studying medicine but quickly abandoned this path. He meets Jean proved in Nancy, and then begins their collaboration. In 1912, he moves to Paris with his brother André (architect) and takes courses at the Colarossi Academy. There he met the great names of 20th century painting such as Henri Matisse, Paul Cézanne and Auguste Renoir. Jean Lurçat began his textile adventure with the small stitch before concentrating on tapestry.
Jean Lurçat's woven work is masterful. The artist is internationally known and his name is closely associated with the revival of French tapestry in the post-war years. He is the most important painter and cartoonist of the 20th century. In 1947, Lurçat became President of the Association of Tapestry Cardboard Painters. The A.P.C.T. groups together the artists who participated most effectively in the Renaissance of the Tapestry, that is to say, who understood the absolute necessity not only to re-adopt the primary language of this essentially mural art, but also to proceed at the same time with the reorganisation of the industry on which it depends. "(Text of presentation of the A.P.C.T.)